Vein Disease NYC: What are Spider Vein & Varicose Veins?

Varico veins

How Are Varicose Veins Defined?

A varicose vein is one that’s become abnormally dilated due to pressure accumulating in the vein. Venous valves direct blood in a singular direction by closing once blood passes through. When valves fail, blood collects in the vein and causes the bulging bluish vessels you see beneath your skin. 

Our NY vein treatment clinic evaluates your venous pathways to find the source of varicosities. By treating your varicose veins, we also relieve accompanying symptoms like heaviness, achiness, itchiness, and restlessness in your legs.

How Are Spider Veins Defined?

While some spider veins run in a straight line, most appear in spindly clusters resembling a spider’s web, hence the name. These small telangiectasias appear on the legs or face, and are red, blue, or purple. 

Spider veins often form as a result of venous reflux, or the backward flow of blood through your veins. If a one-way valve within your vein malfunctions, blood collects, imposing internal pressure on the vein. This forces new spider veins to branch out from the vein. You might not notice symptoms with spider veins, but some patients experience pain, cramping, heaviness, swelling, or itching. Our NY vein treatment team identifies the underlying issue to resolve these unhealthy veins. 

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Vein Disease Symptoms

RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME (RLS)

Restless Legs Syndrome is a frustrating condition that causes an insatiable urge to move your legs. It’s common in people who lead more sedentary lives, or who don’t have full mobility. RLS often signifies that you have venous insufficiency, which means your veins aren’t pumping blood to your heart efficiently. Instead, blood collects in certain veins with weakened valves, causing that restless sensation, in addition to possible concurrent issues like heaviness, cramping, varicose veins, and spider veins in your legs. 

Left untreated, RLS is a chronic problem with complications like insomnia, anxiety, and exhaustion. If you notice persistent restlessness in your legs, particularly at the end of the day, contact our New York vein treatment experts. We have simple solutions to eliminate your bothersome symptoms and improve your circulation.

LEG CRAMPS

People often associate leg cramps with dehydration, growth spurts, or overexertion during exercise. Leg cramps are also caused by an imbalance in your diet and certain illnesses and medications. But many patients don’t realize that leg cramps are often caused by venous insufficiency. 

When your vein health is compromised, an involuntary muscle spasm can produce sudden, intense pain in your calf or thigh. Often, these leg cramps occur at night, or even wake you from your sleep. While children might have growth-related leg cramps, adults with recurrent leg cramps should visit our NY vein treatment specialists for a thorough assessment. Our innovative diagnostic tools will pinpoint the exact reason for your pain. 

LEG HEAVINESS

Do you find yourself longing to get off your feet during the day? Do your legs feel increasingly heavy throughout the day, particularly in hot weather? While leg heaviness has several causes, most commonly it’s caused by poor circulation. 

If you have varicose or spider veins, in addition to leg heaviness, it’s time to have your veins evaluated, particularly if you sit or stand for long periods at your job. That heavy sensation will become chronic without proper vein treatment. Our doctors have gentle solutions including non-invasive procedures and tips to improve circulatory efficiency.

LEG SWELLING

Leg swelling can cause pronounced discomfort, including skin sensitivity and tightness, and complications like hair loss and hyperpigmentation (discoloration). While your heart, kidneys, sodium intake, or lymphatic system might cause swelling, vein disease is one of the main reasons legs persistently swell. One way to identify if your veins are the culprit, is to see if your swelling improves when you elevate your legs, or worsens when you’re inactive. 

Multiple conditions cause swelling to flare up when you’re on your feet, but circulation-related swelling will also worsen when you sit still for a long time, since movement invokes muscle contractions that help pump blood through your veins. Broken valves in the veins of those with venous insufficiency cause blood to pool in the veins, especially when we’re inactive. Seek vein treatment in NY to address leg swelling, since it’s often linked to the vein disease that produces spider veins, varicose veins, heaviness, and restlessness, in addition to swelling.

Are you experiencing painful or uncomfortable vein disease symptoms?

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Causes of Vein Disease

WHAT CAUSES VARICOSE AND SPIDER VEINS?

If you have spider veins or varicose veins, your genetics might be to blame. Unhealthy veins and venous insufficiency tend to run in families. Hormonal shifts, as with pregnancy, menopause, and birth control usage, also increase the likelihood of spider veins and varicose veins, since hormones impact blood pressure. 

Over half of adults will develop spider veins, especially those who stand for long periods, like healthcare workers, customer service agents, and security guards. Varicose and spider veins are also more prevalent in females and in people with blood clots. While some risk factors, like genetic predisposition, are hard to control, others, like inactivity, smoking, lifestyle, and career, are worth addressing. Visit our NY vein treatment center for a comprehensive exam to identify and minimize your risk. 

WHAT DOES VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY MEAN?

Venous “insufficiency” doesn’t mean you have an insufficient number of veins, but that some of your veins aren’t working efficiently. Veins are equipped with valves that keep blood moving in one direction. In patients with venous insufficiency, valve failure allows blood to leak in the wrong direction.

Since leg veins battle gravity, they’re commonly impacted by venous insufficiency. When blood travels downward, past a broken valve, it overfills that vein, creating spider veins and varicose veins you can see. These visible veins are a clue that you have venous insufficiency, which is more prevalent in women, especially following hormonal changes. Sedentary adults, or those who’ve gained weight are also at risk, particularly as they age.   

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