Varicose Veins Overview

What are varicose veins?

Veins are blood vessels responsible for carrying blood to the heart. Varicose veins, also known as varicosities, are dilated blood vessels formed due to increased pressure within the superficial veins close to the skin. They look like enlarged, torturous, or twisted red or purple veins bulging out from the skin’s surface in a mass of tangled knots. While varicose veins can appear anywhere on the body, they’re particularly common in the legs.

Studies show that varicose veins are extremely common, affecting 1 in 3 individuals in the United States, and they’re especially common amongst women. The primary root cause of varicose veins is an underlying circulatory disorder known as chronic venous insufficiency. However, varicose veins can be treated with minimally invasive procedures that conclude within an hour without complications, harsh side effects, or downtime. Timely varicose vein treatment in NYC is essential to avoid potential complications.

What causes varicose veins?

Chronic venous insufficiency is the medical condition responsible for varicose veins. Venous insufficiency is a circulatory disorder wherein the vein valves malfunction or weaken. The vein valves are like one-way doors that allow blood to flow towards the heart but prevent it from flowing backward due to the force of gravity. When your vein valves collapse, blood falls back into the leg veins, leading to increased pressure in the superficial leg veins, making them swell and bulge outwards in the form of varicose veins.

Varicose veins can also be caused by рhlеbіtіѕ (vein inflammation) and congenital abnormalities, but those causes are relatively rare.   

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

Varicose veins may cause mild pain and discomfort, but they’re usually asymptomatic. However, since varicose veins are caused by chronic venous insufficiency, you will experience the symptoms of the underlying vein disease: 

  • Large, twisted, bulging, and tortuous veins
  • Swollen ankles and legs
  • Leg heaviness
  • Aching and tingling sensations
  • Spider veins in the same areas as varicose veins
  • Fatty deposits under the skin (lіроdеrmаtоѕсlеrоѕіѕ)
  • Skin discoloration near the ankles, calves, and shins
  • Skin dryness, itching, and redness (есzеmа)
  • Frequent leg cramps
  • Restless leg syndrome
  • Symptoms that worsen at the end of the day

Who are most likely to be affected by varicose veins?

  • Women are more likely to have varicose veins than men.
  • Post-menopausal women.
  • Women who have undergone numerous pregnancies.
  • Men over 50 years of age.
  • People with a family history of vein problems.
  • People with jobs that necessitate sitting or standing for long periods, such as drivers, teachers, nurses, and those with desk jobs.

What are the best varicose vein treatments in New York?

Severe varicose vein treatment options are available in New York. However, the best vein treatment option for you depends on the following factors:

  • The location and size of the diseased vein.
  • Whether you have the symptoms of vein disease.
  • Whether you have any swelling, ulcers, skin changes, or discoloration.

Potential Treatments

  • Sclerotherapy: Your vein doctor in New York injects a foam or liquid solution into the diseased veins to seal them shut.
  • Ablation: The diseased veins are destroyed using radiofrequency energy, laser energy, or other methods.
  • Surgery: Also known as vein stripping or “ambulatory phlebectomy,” this procedure involves removing the varicose veins through small incisions on the skin.
  • Leg Elevation: When you’re sitting or sleeping, you should elevate your leg over your heart’s level to facilitate blood circulation in the correct direction.
  • Compression Stockings: Skin-tight compression stockings squeeze the leg veins, pushing the accumulated blood in the correct direction.

It’s worth noting that radiofrequency ablation and sclerotherapy are the ideal varicose vein treatment options in New York. They address the underlying vein disease and remove the visible varicose veins, providing lasting results. Meanwhile, leg elevation and compression stockings only offer temporary relief from the symptoms of vein disease without addressing the actual root cause.

Is varicose vein treatment safe?

Varicose vein treatment is extremely safe, effective, and convenient. The emergence of minimally invasive vein treatment options, such as radiofrequency ablation, has significantly boosted vein treatment outcomes. However, you must visit a reliable vein doctor who carefully diagnoses and treats the root cause of your varicose veins to ensure lasting results without recurrence. Our varicose vein treatment center in New York is led by board-certified and Harvard-trained physicians who specialize in personalized and minimally invasive varicose vein treatments.

How does a vein doctor in New York diagnose varicose veins and venous insufficiency?

Your vein doctor in New York will discuss your symptoms, perform a physical examination, and review your complete medical history. They’ll ask a series of questions to understand your unique goals and concerns. If there’s a chance that you may have underlying vein disease, they’ll run a duplex ultrasound scan to visualize the blood flow in your leg veins. Based on the diagnostic results, they’ll curate the ideal varicose vein treatment plan for you.